Shanti Dave was born in 1931 in Gujarat. He trained in art at the M. S. University, Baroda, where he studied under N. S. Bendre, and co-founded the Baroda Group in 1957. Early in his career, he made several commissioned murals, including Air India's offices in London, New York and Delhi. Dave's concerns are modernist, evident in the formal abstraction in his works, with a focus on the medium and its possibilities more than incorporating ideological concerns. Later, he preferred printmaking for the possibility of greater textures it offered. Dave is known for his experimentation with encaustic, which is a combination of oil, to create paintings in high relief.