A glass-like paste in its raw state, enamel is made of fluorite and silicate. There are several types of enamel used in India - mulaim meena (soft enamel), sakht meena (hard enamel), and khula meena (transparent enamel). Today, raw enamel is manufactured in Jaipur and Kolkata. The quintessential motifs of the meenakar (enameller) were derived from the sun, the moon, animals, and flowers such as roses, poppies, chrysanthemums, and the lotus.
The art of enamelling/engraving ornaments with vibrant colours with its roots in Jaipur. Meenakari stood out as an art form in the vast category of jewellery-making techniques, accentuating the characteristics of fine aesthetics and craftsmanship. Jewellery with enamel only on the reverse (pichhari-ko-meena) was the style for necklaces, pendants and ear pendants.