Francis Newton Souza was born in 1924 in Saligao, Goa. Souza was expelled for participating in the Quit India Movement while studying at the Sir J J School of Art in Mumbai. In 1947, he founded the Progressive Artists' Group along with S H Raza, M F Husain, and K H Ara, among others. Souza's style created thought-provoking and powerful images. His repertoire of subjects covered still life, landscapes, nudes and icons of Christianity in a distorted form. In his drawings, he managed to capture fine detail in his forms. He also used a combination of cross-hatched strokes that made up the overall structure of his subject.